Among the different kinds of cereal crops in Pakistan, jowar occupies a major prominence. Besides being a staple diet for the poorer section of the society, it is also used for animal feed and industrial raw materials.
Different parts of the country have the potential to have this important cereal crop grown, which is also a major product of agriculture in many other countries. Since it can grow in semi-arid climates, where other crops do not have a chance of growing, this crop has been grown in these areas. Requiring semi-arid climatic conditions, the jowar crop has proved to be a good agricultural practice in the country. In comparison to other cereal food items, jowar has a significant value. Jowar or sorghum belongs to the Graminae family and grows to a height of about 4 mts. Seeds are rounded and pointed at the base, the color being brownish, yellow, pink or white. Importance of jowar as a crop is seen in its usage as animal feed and fodder, grown mostly in arid and semi-arid climates of the world as well as in Pakistan. It is grown as a coarse grain. Its use in different kinds of commercial purposes is making jowar an important agricultural product in the whole world. It is used primarily as a livestock feed and fodder. Some places also have facilities to produce alcohol from jowar. The entire plant is used as forage, hay or silage. Sorghum has a sweet stock, which can be used as raw material for jaggery, ethanol, paper making and some other industrial purposes. In India, jowar has been included as a commodity in the commodity market. From the point of view of production, it is grown as a Rabi and kharif crop and also in summers.