PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF WHEAT IN RAINFED AREAS OF PUNJAB
Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and staple food. Wheat has a large share of cultivated land in rabi season and hence large production is expected. The seed selected should be pure, healthy and free of disease. The seed should be bought from trusted sources, or the varieties approved by the local agriculture department should be used for sowing. The germination rate of seed should not be less than 85% or the seed rate should be increased accordingly. For late sowing (pachaiti kasht), the seed should be increased to some extent because the germination rate is less in low temperature and less number of tiller form. The production of wheat is mainly from primary tiller, so in order to get sufficient produce in late sown crops, seed rate is increased to increase the number of primary tillers. In addition to this, increase in seed rate is also beneficial for the weed control, because in the presence of more wheat seedlings lesser number of weeds will be able to grow.
SEED TREATMENT FOR DISEASES
Wheat has a number of prominent diseases like rust, smut and kernel bunt are more damaging. In the cropping season 2012-13, farmers had to face losses due to these diseases so they should use … more
USE OF FERTILIZERS
Phosphorus is an essential element for wheat, it stimulates increase in the root length, provide strength to tillers, thickens the grain and stimulate immunity against many diseases. So the ratio of … more
Weed eradication from the field is one of the methods to increase the production from the same piece of land. According to an estimate, wheat production can be increased 14-42% if the weeds are … more