Along with the provision of food, Rice crop also plays a significant role in earning foreign exchange in our country. Pakistan stands at important position among the countries exporting rice.
After wheat, rice is the most eaten food in Pakistan. The remnants of rice provide raw material to many industries. For example, its cover is used for making paper and cardboard. Rice flour is used in the preparation of bakery items and sweets. Fine quality oil is obtained from rice bran. A decrease in the land area and production of rice has been noticed in previous year (2015-16). The main reason of land reduction is that the cultivators could not get enough cost of their rice crops so they converted their lands into sugarcane and corn fields. This transfer of fields led to the reduction of land area for rice crops which ultimately resulted in low production of rice. Rice crops can be cultivated on every type of land except sandy land where water runs off immediately. It can be cultivated even on those barren lands where any other crop cannot be grown successfully. The main condition which is required to be fulfilled for cultivating rice is that its seed should be pure, clean, healthy and disease free. For better production of crop, the seed recommended by Punjab Seed Corporation, can be obtained from its centers and authorized dealers. Moreover, farmers can also get seed from Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku, Niab Faisalabad and other private companies. Many kinds of rice are found in Pakistan which is categorized as approved and unapproved types of rice. Approved types include fine basmati rice (super basmati, basmati 385, shaheen basmati, basmati pak etc), fine non-basmati rice (PS2, PK386), hybrid type (Pride 1, Shehenshah 2 etc) and thick rice (KS 282, Irri 6, niab irri 9 etc). Whereas, unapproved type includes super fine, kashmira, malta, hero, supra and others. These unapproved types should never be grown because the rice obtained from all above mentioned is not of good quality. Rice plant should not be sown before 20th May, because an early cultivation can increase the risk of attacks by larva and caterpillars.
Use the suitable pesticides and herbicides as per recommendations of the staff of Department of Agriculture.
Organic fertilizers should be used during cultivation on regular basis.
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